How to install the latest Nvidia drivers on Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

1.4K Flares Filament.io 1.4K Flares ×

Nvidia drivers

If you have an Nvidia graphics card on your system, then its recommended to install the official drivers provided by Nvidia. The proprietory drivers would utilise the hardware properly delivering full performance.

Installation is pretty easy and it uses a ppa repository. So you do not need to compile anything. However, make sure to follow the steps properly.

These steps would work on Ubuntu and close derivatives like Xubuntu, Kubuntu, Lubuntu and also Linux Mint and Elementary OS.

1. Find out your graphics card model

Use the lspci command to find out the model of your graphics card

$ lspci -vnn | grep -i VGA -A 12
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: NVIDIA Corporation GT218 [GeForce 210] [10de:0a65] (rev a2) (prog-if 00 [VGA controller])
        Subsystem: ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Device [1043:8416]

Here its GeForce 210

2. Find out the right driver version for your graphics card

Visit http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx
Fill in the details about your graphics card and system and then click Search. On the next page, it should tell you the correct driver version with a download link and additional information.

For the above GeForce 210 card, it showed 331.67 as the correct driver which can be downloaded from the website. However we shall install the drivers from ppa to make things easier.

3. Setup the xorg-edgers ppa

The xorg-edgers ppa provides the very latest nvidia drivers. Run the following commands to set it up.

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:xorg-edgers/ppa -y
$ sudo apt-get update

Now the ppa is setup and the package information is also updated.

4. Install the driver

Either you can install the driver directly by installing a single package containing "nvidia" and the major version number ( 173, 304, 310, 313, 319, 331, 334 or 337).

# 331 driver
$ sudo apt-get install nvidia-331

# 334 driver
$ sudo apt-get install nvidia-334

# install the latest version
$ sudo apt-get install nvidia-current

Or you can enable it from the "Additional Drivers" section. This is different on different Ubuntu flavors.

Synaptic package manager

If you have synaptic package manager installed, then go to Settings > Repositories > Additional Drivers tab and select the correct nvidia driver, and click Apply changes.

# or launch it from command line
$ sudo software-properties-gtk






ubuntu software updates nvidia

Ubuntu

If you are running Ubuntu unity desktop, simply launch the dash and search for "driver". Then click the application named "Additional Drivers". It will launch the same dialog box as shown above.

Xubuntu

Go to "All Settings > Additional Drivers" and you should see a list of all available nvidia drivers ready to be installed. Select the correct driver and click Apply Changes. The new driver would be downloaded, installed and configured for use.

Kubuntu

Go to System Settings > System Administration > Driver Manager and select the nvidia driver there and click Apply.

After the installation is complete, reboot the system. You should see an option called "Nvidia X Server Settings" in your applications menu. From there you can check information about the graphics card and configure it.

5. Verify the installation

The last thing to do is verify that the nvidia drivers are loaded and working. Run the lspci command again and this time the kernel driver should show nvidia

$ lspci -vnn | grep -i VGA -A 12
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: NVIDIA Corporation GT218 [GeForce 210] [10de:0a65] (rev a2) (prog-if 00 [VGA controller])
        Subsystem: ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Device [1043:8416]
        Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 46
        Memory at e2000000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16M]
        Memory at d0000000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=256M]
        Memory at e0000000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=32M]
        I/O ports at 2000 [size=128]
        [virtual] Expansion ROM at e3080000 [disabled] [size=512K]
        Capabilities: <access denied>
        Kernel driver in use: nvidia

Check the last line which says "kernel driver in use: nvidia". This shows that nvidia drivers are now in action. Also check hardware acceleration with the glxinfo command

$ glxinfo | grep OpenGL | grep renderer
OpenGL renderer string: GeForce 210/PCIe/SSE2

The OpenGL renderer string should be anything other than "MESA". Then it indicates that the hardware drivers are being used for hardware acceleration.

6. Nvidia settings tool

Nvidia would install a gui tool called "Nvidia X Server Settings" somewhere in the menu. It can also be launched from the command line using the command "nvidia-settings". The tool shows miscellaneous information about the graphics card and the monitor connected, and also allows to configure various options.

nvidia settings gpu info

The tool allows to configure the resolution of the monitor. If you are using dual monitors for example, then you can configure the monitor positions as well.

Removing the drivers

Incase anything goes wrong after the installation, like you are not able to boot Ubuntu, then try removing the Nvidia drivers.

Boot into the recovery console from the grub menu and then issue the following commands

# remount root file system as writable
$ mount -o remount,rw /

# remove all nvidia packages
$ apt-get purge nvidia*

Additional Notes

Many tutorials out there talk about blacklisting the nouveau driver. This is no longer necessary, since the nvidia driver would blacklist nouveau itself. This can be verified by checking the contents of nvidia driver files in the the modprobe.d directory.

$ grep 'nouveau' /etc/modprobe.d/* | grep nvidia
/etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-331_hybrid.conf:blacklist nouveau
/etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-331_hybrid.conf:blacklist lbm-nouveau
/etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-331_hybrid.conf:alias nouveau off
/etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-331_hybrid.conf:alias lbm-nouveau off
/etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-graphics-drivers.conf:blacklist nouveau
/etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-graphics-drivers.conf:blacklist lbm-nouveau
/etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-graphics-drivers.conf:alias nouveau off
/etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-graphics-drivers.conf:alias lbm-nouveau off

Note that the files "nvidia-331_hybrid.conf" and "nvidia-graphics-drivers.conf" have blacklisted nouveau.

To check information about the nvidia driver module, use the commands lsmod, modprobe and modinfo

# check that nvidia kernel module is loaded or not
$ lsmod | grep nvidia
nvidia              10699336  49 
drm                   302817  2 nvidia

# find the real name of the nvidia module
$ modprobe -R nvidia
nvidia_331

# details about the nvidia_331 module
$ modinfo nvidia_331
filename:       /lib/modules/3.13.0-24-generic/updates/dkms/nvidia_331.ko
alias:          char-major-195-*
version:        331.67
supported:      external
license:        NVIDIA
.....

The kernel module file for the nvidia driver is located at "/lib/modules/3.13.0-24-generic/updates/dkms/nvidia_331.ko".

Note that it is a "dkms" module which means, its loaded dynamically. Due to this the grub screen, the Ubuntu/Kubuntu splash screens would have a low resolution since at that time the nvidia drivers are not in effect, and whatever resolution is available via the VESA extensions, are used.

Last Updated On : 10th May 2014

Subscribe to get updates delivered to your inbox

About Silver Moon

Php developer, blogger and Linux enthusiast. He can be reached at m00n.silv3r@gmail.com. Or find him on

  • Trevor Philips

    Getting Fallback errors :(

  • shizzz477

    this was the best (and only) solution that worked for me…THX! ubuntu 14.04.1/GeForce GT 630

  • IL

    Thanx
    Silver Moon, very helpful walkthrough. I installed driver 340.32 for my GTX 780. Ubuntu 14.04 is running smooth now, got rid of the “The system is running in low-graphics mode” boot error. :D

  • Scottie

    Thanks for this precise documentation, installation worked as described. My System is an Asus AT5IONT-i Deluxe which comes with a “Second Generation ION” graphic chip.
    Somewhere between described step 4 and 5 i had to reboot in order load the nvidia driver. Only
    clicking on “Apply Changes” wasn’t enough but that could also be because i was logged in from remote with “ssh -X ..”.

  • MacP

    When I install this, my Xubuntu dont sound! What is going on?

  • http://www.postfreeadvertising.com nikunj gandhi

    This methods works great.

    My kubuntu freezes and finally I updated driver to 340.20 from above explanation.
    Thanks

  • gogira

    It doesn’t work for me neither. I have a nvidia gtx 560 card. I was able to install the drivers in Ubuntu 10.04 , but not in 14.04.
    After installing the drivers from the ppa repo, ran

    sudo apt-get install nvidia-340 … after that

    glxinfo | grep OpenGL | grep renderer
    OpenGL renderer string: Gallium 0.4 on NVCE

    modinfo nvidia_331
    modinfo: ERROR: Module nvidia_331 not found.

    Any help ??

  • Trystin

    Thank you! I tried everything else I could find, as well as going about it the same way I did my AMD drivers before and nothing worked. Ubuntu is finally reading my card :)

  • André

    Using Linux Mint 17 (Ubuntu Trusty based) AMD64
    ——————————————————————————————-

    command: “glxinfo | grep OpenGL | grep renderer” where is this information being saved? witch configuration file is being used to set this?

    thank you

  • pari57

    my system: Asus P5Q-deluxe // IntelQ6700@2.66Mhz // GT640-1Gb@324Mhz // AsusPB278@2550×1440(L)+Acer1916W@900×1440(P).

    Installaled Ubuntu 14.04.
    Running it as standard, I DL drivers for GT640 and installed.
    After reboot Screens were seen and used.

    !!!! Changing any settings did not work, savings not work !!!!

    I checked software and DL latest version Nvidia and installed packages.

    !!!!! After reboot, Giu did not work !!!!!

    Used commands in this help oversite
    $ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:xorg-edgers/ppa -y
    $ sudo apt-get update
    to DL any drivers I might not have
    $ sudo apt-get install nvidia-313
    to Install the latest driver I new was working with ubuntu 12.04

    !!!!! system reported : Package not available, download from …..
    no info on where to get the package, so I did not do that.

    just triedthen to install nvidia-310.
    this worked.

    after reboot Gui was working.
    Settings for monitors work fine, saving settings worked too.

    strangely my system tells me I have not 310 , but nvidia driver 331.79

    It all is a little strange to me.

    why is ist so difficult to have a simple install-programm ?
    So many keen guys are working on this softwaresystem.

    can you make it easy?,
    also for non-intelligent PC-users?

    (this goes for many installation procedures in Linux and its variances)

    thanks in advance

  • cristiann

    It worked, but with various weird behavior that I had to deal with … So:
    I’m trying to use the Nvidia driver on an Asus K95VJ with GeForge GT 635M.
    I did a fresh install with only the the necessary packages
    1. The ppa seem to be working.
    2. The alternative ways to install a driver doesn’t seem to work. I’ve tried both the Synaptic way and the System Settings way without success, maybe because of the dependencies. Perhaps for the same reason, the apt-get way worked and installed everything.
    3. the command “sudo apt-get install nvidia-current” installed the oldest driver available, which was replaced by nouveau and so it didn’t worked … moreover, it did some weird mixing of resolution and screen fonts.
    4. the command “sudo apt-get install nvidia-337″ (the last version available) worked (also with a lot of dependencies, removed and broken packages) but completely messed up my screen and screen fonts.
    Luckily I had a konsole left open and after several attempts I managed to do a “sudo systemsettings” to restore (from Hardware – Display and Monitor) the selection and the resolution of the screen. Now it seems the driver is in place, I still have to check if the cuda library works and I still have to find a workaround for the screen fonts (which are either too little or too big)
    All in all, I think the whole nvidia driver and nvidia cuda lib are not professionally prepared and I hope it’s worth the fuss.
    It’s like “when you do and undo, all day long you have what to do” :)
    Hope this will help others who like to live dangerously :)

    • cristiann

      A little update:

      It seems that “System settings” driver manager has a more serious problem: it doesn’t recognize the current driver … right now I have Nvidia 337.25 driver in place working fine, still “System settings” sees the Nouveau driver (or it sees the driver with an unacceptable delay) … so, be careful when using “System settings”

  • Rudolf Petzolt

    Don’t work for me!

1.4K Flares Twitter 5 Facebook 0 Google+ 10 LinkedIn 0 StumbleUpon 1.4K Pin It Share 0 Filament.io 1.4K Flares ×