How to check CPU temperature on Linux/Ubuntu

By | December 2, 2019

CPU temperature

Ever noticed your cpu fan making a lot more noise than usual ? It does so when the temperature of the processor gets high due to high processing.

Sometimes, the processor may heat up so much that the system would start lowering the processor clock speed and would show up such a message:

CPU1: Core temperature above threshold, cpu clock throttled (total events = 1)

Keeping cpu temperatures at low levels is key to better system performance. Less temperature means good cooling and lower heating, which in turn means, the processor can run as fast as it wants to.

Before you can cool your processor, the first thing to do is to measure the cpu temperatures.

Monitor the cpu temperature using lm sensors

First of all install the lm-sensors package which has the utility programs that can check the temperature of cpu processors and disk drives too.

sudo apt-get install lm-sensors

Next, run the detect program so that sensors can profile your system and find out all the temperature detection points.

sudo sensors-detect

It will ask a couple of questions. Answer yes to all.

Now just run the sensors command and it will list out the temperatures, of all the devices it can measure across.

$ sensors
coretemp-isa-0000
Adapter: ISA adapter
Core 0:       +56.0°C  (high = +74.0°C, crit = +100.0°C)
Core 1:       +52.0°C  (high = +74.0°C, crit = +100.0°C)
Core 2:       +58.0°C  (high = +74.0°C, crit = +100.0°C)
Core 3:       +57.0°C  (high = +74.0°C, crit = +100.0°C)

w83627dhg-isa-06e0
Adapter: ISA adapter
Vcore:        +0.82 V  (min =  +0.00 V, max =  +1.74 V)
in1:          +1.50 V  (min =  +1.89 V, max =  +0.98 V)  ALARM
AVCC:         +2.96 V  (min =  +2.98 V, max =  +3.63 V)  ALARM
+3.3V:        +2.96 V  (min =  +2.98 V, max =  +3.63 V)  ALARM
in4:          +0.96 V  (min =  +1.38 V, max =  +0.72 V)  ALARM
in5:          +1.31 V  (min =  +1.91 V, max =  +0.49 V)  ALARM
in6:          +0.34 V  (min =  +1.43 V, max =  +0.94 V)  ALARM
3VSB:         +2.96 V  (min =  +2.98 V, max =  +3.63 V)  ALARM
Vbat:         +2.96 V  (min =  +2.70 V, max =  +3.63 V)
fan1:           0 RPM  (min =  340 RPM, div = 128)  ALARM
fan2:        2909 RPM  (min =  336 RPM, div = 16)
fan3:           0 RPM  (min =  421 RPM, div = 128)  ALARM
fan4:           0 RPM  (min = 1054 RPM, div = 64)  ALARM
temp1:        +58.0°C  (high = -25.0°C, hyst =  -3.0°C)  ALARM  sensor = CPU diode
temp2:        +79.0°C  (high = +80.0°C, hyst = +75.0°C)  ALARM  sensor = CPU diode
temp3:        -15.5°C  (high = +80.0°C, hyst = +75.0°C)  sensor = CPU diode
cpu0_vid:    +0.000 V
intrusion0:  ALARM





You can also add a desktop widget to keep an eye on the temperature. On KDE there is a Thermal Monitor plasmoid that does this.

Note the idle state temperature

When your cpu/processor is idle or when there is very little load on it, the temperature ought to be lower. If the temperature is high during idle time, it indicates over heating.

The average idle state temperature varies across processor models and machine types. Its different for a desktop compared to a laptop.

Check your processor model and then consult the vendor documentation for more details. Also check out various hardware support forums.

On my system, the temperature was stay aroud 50-55 C even when the cpu was idle. This indicated some problem.

CPU Overheating - How to fix

The overheating problem is mostly related to the cpu and the fan over it. Clean up the fan and the heat sink and make sure there is no dust and the cooling is working fine. Also clean up the surface of the heat sink and the processor to make sure there are in proper contact for the heat to transfer.

If there is any dried thermal paste it might create uneven surfaces, that much be cleaned. Do all of it and then check the temperatures again. If the overheating problem still persists, take it to a professional.

Conclusion

Monitoring the cpu temperature is a good idea, since you can catch any problems leading to overheating. If you are curious to know how the temperature checking software work, check out this link -

http://superuser.com/questions/838065/how-do-cpu-temperature-checking-software-work

Last Updated On : 2nd December 2019

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