C Packet Sniffer Code with libpcap and linux sockets

Libpcap

Libpcap is a packet capture library for linux which can be used to sniff packets or network traffic over a network interface.

Pcap Documentation gives a description of the methods and data structures available in the libpcap library.

To install libpcap on your linux distro you can either download the source from the website and compile it and install. Or if you are on a distro like ubuntu then it can be installed from synaptic package manager. In the list of packages in Synaptic Package Manager look for 2 packages named as libpcap0.8 and libpcap0.8-dev. Install both of them.

For windows another library called winpcap is available.

Coding a sniffer in C

Once we have installed the libpcap library we can start to code our sniffer in C.

To start with the C program the simple steps would be

1. Find all available devices - find_alldevs()

find_alldevs() is the function which can be used to get a list of all available network devices or interfaces present on the machine or which can be opened by pcap_open_live() for sniffing purpose.

The prototype is as :

int pcap_findalldevs(pcap_if_t **alldevsp, char *errbuf)

where alldevsp is a pointer to an array of of pcap_if_t structures and errbuf is a character pointer and will contain any error message that occured during the function call.

2. Select a device for sniffing data - pcap_open_live()

pcap_open_live() is the function to get a packet capture descriptor or a handle to a device which has been opened up for sniffing.

The protoype is as :

pcap_t *pcap_open_live(const char *device, int snaplen,int promisc, int to_ms, char *errbuf)

device - is the name of the device as obtained from the call to pcap_findalldevs.
snaplen - is the maximum amount of data to be captured. 65536 should be sufficient length.
promisc - 0 or 1 to indicate whether to open the device in promiscuous mode.
to_ms - the timeout in milliseconds , 0 for no timeout
errbuf - buffer to contain any error message

It returns a device handler in the form of the structure pcap_t which can be used by pcap_loop() to capture data from.

3. Start sniffing the device - pcap_loop()

4. Process the sniffed packet - user defined callback method

C Code






/*
	Packet sniffer using libpcap library
*/
#include<pcap.h>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h> // for exit()
#include<string.h> //for memset

#include<sys/socket.h>
#include<arpa/inet.h> // for inet_ntoa()
#include<net/ethernet.h>
#include<netinet/ip_icmp.h>	//Provides declarations for icmp header
#include<netinet/udp.h>	//Provides declarations for udp header
#include<netinet/tcp.h>	//Provides declarations for tcp header
#include<netinet/ip.h>	//Provides declarations for ip header

void process_packet(u_char *, const struct pcap_pkthdr *, const u_char *);
void process_ip_packet(const u_char * , int);
void print_ip_packet(const u_char * , int);
void print_tcp_packet(const u_char *  , int );
void print_udp_packet(const u_char * , int);
void print_icmp_packet(const u_char * , int );
void PrintData (const u_char * , int);

FILE *logfile;
struct sockaddr_in source,dest;
int tcp=0,udp=0,icmp=0,others=0,igmp=0,total=0,i,j;	

int main()
{
	pcap_if_t *alldevsp , *device;
	pcap_t *handle; //Handle of the device that shall be sniffed

	char errbuf[100] , *devname , devs[100][100];
	int count = 1 , n;
	
	//First get the list of available devices
	printf("Finding available devices ... ");
	if( pcap_findalldevs( &alldevsp , errbuf) )
	{
		printf("Error finding devices : %s" , errbuf);
		exit(1);
	}
	printf("Done");
	
	//Print the available devices
	printf("\nAvailable Devices are :\n");
	for(device = alldevsp ; device != NULL ; device = device->next)
	{
		printf("%d. %s - %s\n" , count , device->name , device->description);
		if(device->name != NULL)
		{
			strcpy(devs[count] , device->name);
		}
		count++;
	}
	
	//Ask user which device to sniff
	printf("Enter the number of the device you want to sniff : ");
	scanf("%d" , &n);
	devname = devs[n];
	
	//Open the device for sniffing
	printf("Opening device %s for sniffing ... " , devname);
	handle = pcap_open_live(devname , 65536 , 1 , 0 , errbuf);
	
	if (handle == NULL) 
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't open device %s : %s\n" , devname , errbuf);
		exit(1);
	}
	printf("Done\n");
	
	logfile=fopen("log.txt","w");
	if(logfile==NULL) 
	{
		printf("Unable to create file.");
	}
	
	//Put the device in sniff loop
	pcap_loop(handle , -1 , process_packet , NULL);
	
	return 0;	
}

void process_packet(u_char *args, const struct pcap_pkthdr *header, const u_char *buffer)
{
	int size = header->len;
	
	//Get the IP Header part of this packet , excluding the ethernet header
	struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr*)(buffer + sizeof(struct ethhdr));
	++total;
	switch (iph->protocol) //Check the Protocol and do accordingly...
	{
		case 1:  //ICMP Protocol
			++icmp;
			print_icmp_packet( buffer , size);
			break;
		
		case 2:  //IGMP Protocol
			++igmp;
			break;
		
		case 6:  //TCP Protocol
			++tcp;
			print_tcp_packet(buffer , size);
			break;
		
		case 17: //UDP Protocol
			++udp;
			print_udp_packet(buffer , size);
			break;
		
		default: //Some Other Protocol like ARP etc.
			++others;
			break;
	}
	printf("TCP : %d   UDP : %d   ICMP : %d   IGMP : %d   Others : %d   Total : %d\r", tcp , udp , icmp , igmp , others , total);
}

void print_ethernet_header(const u_char *Buffer, int Size)
{
	struct ethhdr *eth = (struct ethhdr *)Buffer;
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "Ethernet Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Destination Address : %.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X \n", eth->h_dest[0] , eth->h_dest[1] , eth->h_dest[2] , eth->h_dest[3] , eth->h_dest[4] , eth->h_dest[5] );
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Source Address      : %.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X \n", eth->h_source[0] , eth->h_source[1] , eth->h_source[2] , eth->h_source[3] , eth->h_source[4] , eth->h_source[5] );
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Protocol            : %u \n",(unsigned short)eth->h_proto);
}

void print_ip_header(const u_char * Buffer, int Size)
{
	print_ethernet_header(Buffer , Size);
  
	unsigned short iphdrlen;
		
	struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr *)(Buffer  + sizeof(struct ethhdr) );
	iphdrlen =iph->ihl*4;
	
	memset(&source, 0, sizeof(source));
	source.sin_addr.s_addr = iph->saddr;
	
	memset(&dest, 0, sizeof(dest));
	dest.sin_addr.s_addr = iph->daddr;
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "IP Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-IP Version        : %d\n",(unsigned int)iph->version);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-IP Header Length  : %d DWORDS or %d Bytes\n",(unsigned int)iph->ihl,((unsigned int)(iph->ihl))*4);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Type Of Service   : %d\n",(unsigned int)iph->tos);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-IP Total Length   : %d  Bytes(Size of Packet)\n",ntohs(iph->tot_len));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Identification    : %d\n",ntohs(iph->id));
	//fprintf(logfile , "   |-Reserved ZERO Field   : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_reserved_zero);
	//fprintf(logfile , "   |-Dont Fragment Field   : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_dont_fragment);
	//fprintf(logfile , "   |-More Fragment Field   : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_more_fragment);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-TTL      : %d\n",(unsigned int)iph->ttl);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Protocol : %d\n",(unsigned int)iph->protocol);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Checksum : %d\n",ntohs(iph->check));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Source IP        : %s\n" , inet_ntoa(source.sin_addr) );
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Destination IP   : %s\n" , inet_ntoa(dest.sin_addr) );
}

void print_tcp_packet(const u_char * Buffer, int Size)
{
	unsigned short iphdrlen;
	
	struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr *)( Buffer  + sizeof(struct ethhdr) );
	iphdrlen = iph->ihl*4;
	
	struct tcphdr *tcph=(struct tcphdr*)(Buffer + iphdrlen + sizeof(struct ethhdr));
			
	int header_size =  sizeof(struct ethhdr) + iphdrlen + tcph->doff*4;
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n\n***********************TCP Packet*************************\n");	
		
	print_ip_header(Buffer,Size);
		
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "TCP Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Source Port      : %u\n",ntohs(tcph->source));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Destination Port : %u\n",ntohs(tcph->dest));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Sequence Number    : %u\n",ntohl(tcph->seq));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Acknowledge Number : %u\n",ntohl(tcph->ack_seq));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Header Length      : %d DWORDS or %d BYTES\n" ,(unsigned int)tcph->doff,(unsigned int)tcph->doff*4);
	//fprintf(logfile , "   |-CWR Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcph->cwr);
	//fprintf(logfile , "   |-ECN Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcph->ece);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Urgent Flag          : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcph->urg);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Acknowledgement Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcph->ack);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Push Flag            : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcph->psh);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Reset Flag           : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcph->rst);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Synchronise Flag     : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcph->syn);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Finish Flag          : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcph->fin);
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Window         : %d\n",ntohs(tcph->window));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Checksum       : %d\n",ntohs(tcph->check));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Urgent Pointer : %d\n",tcph->urg_ptr);
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "                        DATA Dump                         ");
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");
		
	fprintf(logfile , "IP Header\n");
	PrintData(Buffer,iphdrlen);
		
	fprintf(logfile , "TCP Header\n");
	PrintData(Buffer+iphdrlen,tcph->doff*4);
		
	fprintf(logfile , "Data Payload\n");	
	PrintData(Buffer + header_size , Size - header_size );
						
	fprintf(logfile , "\n###########################################################");
}

void print_udp_packet(const u_char *Buffer , int Size)
{
	
	unsigned short iphdrlen;
	
	struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr *)(Buffer +  sizeof(struct ethhdr));
	iphdrlen = iph->ihl*4;
	
	struct udphdr *udph = (struct udphdr*)(Buffer + iphdrlen  + sizeof(struct ethhdr));
	
	int header_size =  sizeof(struct ethhdr) + iphdrlen + sizeof udph;
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n\n***********************UDP Packet*************************\n");
	
	print_ip_header(Buffer,Size);			
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\nUDP Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Source Port      : %d\n" , ntohs(udph->source));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Destination Port : %d\n" , ntohs(udph->dest));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-UDP Length       : %d\n" , ntohs(udph->len));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-UDP Checksum     : %d\n" , ntohs(udph->check));
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "IP Header\n");
	PrintData(Buffer , iphdrlen);
		
	fprintf(logfile , "UDP Header\n");
	PrintData(Buffer+iphdrlen , sizeof udph);
		
	fprintf(logfile , "Data Payload\n");	
	
	//Move the pointer ahead and reduce the size of string
	PrintData(Buffer + header_size , Size - header_size);
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n###########################################################");
}

void print_icmp_packet(const u_char * Buffer , int Size)
{
	unsigned short iphdrlen;
	
	struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr *)(Buffer  + sizeof(struct ethhdr));
	iphdrlen = iph->ihl * 4;
	
	struct icmphdr *icmph = (struct icmphdr *)(Buffer + iphdrlen  + sizeof(struct ethhdr));
	
	int header_size =  sizeof(struct ethhdr) + iphdrlen + sizeof icmph;
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n\n***********************ICMP Packet*************************\n");	
	
	print_ip_header(Buffer , Size);
			
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");
		
	fprintf(logfile , "ICMP Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Type : %d",(unsigned int)(icmph->type));
			
	if((unsigned int)(icmph->type) == 11)
	{
		fprintf(logfile , "  (TTL Expired)\n");
	}
	else if((unsigned int)(icmph->type) == ICMP_ECHOREPLY)
	{
		fprintf(logfile , "  (ICMP Echo Reply)\n");
	}
	
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Code : %d\n",(unsigned int)(icmph->code));
	fprintf(logfile , "   |-Checksum : %d\n",ntohs(icmph->checksum));
	//fprintf(logfile , "   |-ID       : %d\n",ntohs(icmph->id));
	//fprintf(logfile , "   |-Sequence : %d\n",ntohs(icmph->sequence));
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");

	fprintf(logfile , "IP Header\n");
	PrintData(Buffer,iphdrlen);
		
	fprintf(logfile , "UDP Header\n");
	PrintData(Buffer + iphdrlen , sizeof icmph);
		
	fprintf(logfile , "Data Payload\n");	
	
	//Move the pointer ahead and reduce the size of string
	PrintData(Buffer + header_size , (Size - header_size) );
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n###########################################################");
}

void PrintData (const u_char * data , int Size)
{
	int i , j;
	for(i=0 ; i < Size ; i++)
	{
		if( i!=0 && i%16==0)   //if one line of hex printing is complete...
		{
			fprintf(logfile , "         ");
			for(j=i-16 ; j<i ; j++)
			{
				if(data[j]>=32 && data[j]<=128)
					fprintf(logfile , "%c",(unsigned char)data[j]); //if its a number or alphabet
				
				else fprintf(logfile , "."); //otherwise print a dot
			}
			fprintf(logfile , "\n");
		} 
		
		if(i%16==0) fprintf(logfile , "   ");
			fprintf(logfile , " %02X",(unsigned int)data[i]);
				
		if( i==Size-1)  //print the last spaces
		{
			for(j=0;j<15-i%16;j++) 
			{
			  fprintf(logfile , "   "); //extra spaces
			}
			
			fprintf(logfile , "         ");
			
			for(j=i-i%16 ; j<=i ; j++)
			{
				if(data[j]>=32 && data[j]<=128) 
				{
				  fprintf(logfile , "%c",(unsigned char)data[j]);
				}
				else 
				{
				  fprintf(logfile , ".");
				}
			}
			
			fprintf(logfile ,  "\n" );
		}
	}
}

Compile :

$ gcc lsniffer.c -lpcap -o lsniffer

The output on the terminal would be like this :

$ sudo ./lsniffer
Finding available devices ... Done
Available Devices are :
1. eth0 - (null)
2. usbmon1 - USB bus number 1
3. usbmon2 - USB bus number 2
4. usbmon3 - USB bus number 3
5. usbmon4 - USB bus number 4
6. usbmon5 - USB bus number 5
7. usbmon6 - USB bus number 6
8. usbmon7 - USB bus number 7
9. any - Pseudo-device that captures on all interfaces
10. lo - (null)
Enter the number of the device you want to sniff : 1
Opening device eth0 for sniffing ... Done
TCP : 57   UDP : 17   ICMP : 16   IGMP : 1   Others : 0   Total : 90

The logfile would look like this :

***********************UDP Packet*************************

Ethernet Header
   |-Destination Address : 00-1C-C0-F8-79-EE 
   |-Source Address      : 00-1E-58-B8-D4-69 
   |-Protocol            : 8 

IP Header
   |-IP Version        : 4
   |-IP Header Length  : 5 DWORDS or 20 Bytes
   |-Type Of Service   : 0
   |-IP Total Length   : 257  Bytes(Size of Packet)
   |-Identification    : 13284
   |-TTL      : 63
   |-Protocol : 17
   |-Checksum : 55095
   |-Source IP        : 208.67.222.222
   |-Destination IP   : 192.168.0.6

UDP Header
   |-Source Port      : 53
   |-Destination Port : 33247
   |-UDP Length       : 237
   |-UDP Checksum     : 30099

IP Header
    00 1C C0 F8 79 EE 00 1E 58 B8 D4 69 08 00 45 00         ....y...X..i..E.
    01 01 33 E4                                             ..3.
UDP Header
    00 00 3F 11 D7 37 D0 43                                 ..?..7.C
Data Payload
    AF BD 81 80 00 01 00 01 00 04 00 04 02 31 36 03         ...?.........16.
    32 33 35 03 31 32 35 02 37 34 07 69 6E 2D 61 64         235.125.74.in-ad
    64 72 04 61 72 70 61 00 00 0C 00 01 C0 0C 00 0C         dr.arpa.........
    00 01 00 01 4F E5 00 1B 0F 73 69 6E 30 31 73 30         ....O....sin01s0
    34 2D 69 6E 2D 66 31 36 05 31 65 31 30 30 03 6E         4-in-f16.1e100.n
    65 74 00 C0 13 00 02 00 01 00 01 42 28 00 10 03         et.........B(...
    4E 53 31 06 47 4F 4F 47 4C 45 03 43 4F 4D 00 C0         NS1.GOOGLE.COM..
    13 00 02 00 01 00 01 42 28 00 06 03 4E 53 33 C0         .......B(...NS3.
    63 C0 13 00 02 00 01 00 01 42 28 00 06 03 4E 53         c........B(...NS
    34 C0 63 C0 13 00 02 00 01 00 01 42 28 00 06 03         4.c........B(...
    4E 53 32 C0 63 C0 5F 00 01 00 01 00 02 7E 59 00         NS2.c._......~Y.
    04 D8 EF 20 0A C0 9F 00 01 00 01 00 02 7E 59 00         ... .........~Y.
    04 D8 EF 22 0A C0 7B 00 01 00 01 00 03 81 F3 00         ..."..{.........
    04 D8 EF 24 0A C0 8D 00 01 00 01 00 02 A1 AA 00         ...$............
    04 D8 EF 26 0A                                          ...&.

###########################################################

***********************TCP Packet*************************

Ethernet Header
   |-Destination Address : 00-1E-58-B8-D4-69 
   |-Source Address      : 00-1C-C0-F8-79-EE 
   |-Protocol            : 8 

IP Header
   |-IP Version        : 4
   |-IP Header Length  : 5 DWORDS or 20 Bytes
   |-Type Of Service   : 0
   |-IP Total Length   : 57  Bytes(Size of Packet)
   |-Identification    : 45723
   |-TTL      : 64
   |-Protocol : 6
   |-Checksum : 12762
   |-Source IP        : 192.168.0.6
   |-Destination IP   : 130.239.18.172

TCP Header
   |-Source Port      : 57319
   |-Destination Port : 6667
   |-Sequence Number    : 2867385066
   |-Acknowledge Number : 443542543
   |-Header Length      : 5 DWORDS or 20 BYTES
   |-Urgent Flag          : 0
   |-Acknowledgement Flag : 1
   |-Push Flag            : 1
   |-Reset Flag           : 0
   |-Synchronise Flag     : 0
   |-Finish Flag          : 0
   |-Window         : 62780
   |-Checksum       : 22133
   |-Urgent Pointer : 0

                        DATA Dump                         
IP Header
    00 1E 58 B8 D4 69 00 1C C0 F8 79 EE 08 00 45 00         ..X..i....y...E.
    00 39 B2 9B                                             .9..
TCP Header
    40 00 40 06 31 DA C0 A8 00 06 82 EF 12 AC DF E7         @[email protected]
    1A 0B AA E8                                             ....
Data Payload
    50 49 4E 47 20 31 33 32 33 32 37 30 35 36 36 0D         PING 1323270566.
    0A                                                      .

###########################################################

The program requires superuser or root privileges to be able to sniff the packets.

Wireshark(previously ethereal) and tcpdump are examples of applications which use the libpcap library on linux to capture packet data.

Last Updated On : 26th April 2013

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About Silver Moon

Php developer, blogger and Linux enthusiast. He can be reached at [email protected]. Or find him on

33 Comments + Add Comment

  • This code was very useful.
    how can I dump the captured traffic in a pcap/pcap-ng file?

  • Thank for your help. It’s very useful :)

  • Hey, Thank you its really very helpful
    But, why I can not capture the NTP packets, even it use UDP socket ??!
    Any help please ?

  • Hi !
    I’m on MacOS, and I got so many errors while compiling the program. Do someone tried to compile on MacOs? Do libraries need to be installed?
    Thanks

  • How can i open the log file ? im simply getting the number of packets only

  • Hello Silvermoon,
    your post is really helpful, i thank you for ur help and what if i want to grap/capture only http file(only the raw …. thing) without the header file…?

    • in the above picture we have two parts 1). (the portion highlighted with blue) the http header that ends with rn rn and 2). raw html file; so how can we capture only http file ( “…..”) without the http header file? thank you in advance!

  • I’m curious, I’ve been looking all over the net but to no avail. How did you know what the values of iphdr->protocol were? I’m trying to find a list of some sort for me to further document what protocols were being tracked but I can’t seem to find anything.

  • Dear,

    I want to sniff network packets from multiple interfaces (e.g. eth0, VMnet, eth1 etc) at a time. For this purpose, this code (in current form) will not work. Is there any solution? or what modifications are needed in this code to do the same?

    Please help me.

    • try to sniff the pseudo device “any”. it should sniff on all available interfaces.

      • Thanks for reply…

  • Hi Silver Moon. I’m programming a simple sinario with 2 nodes trying to connect via a gateway. node 1 sends a an IPv6 UDP socket to node 2, but gateway has to capture the socket and verifies its data before forwarding it. I tried to use your code but I cant’ see my socket as I send it :( Any help please??

    • can you first try to sniff using wireshark ?
      does wireshark show the ipv6 packets ?

  • this is a wonderful example and more useful. Thanks.

    because of big and little endian, the ethernet protocol IP number is printed as 8

    it should be 0x0800 that is stored as 00 08 on PC

    change to following:
    fprintf(logfile , ” |-Protocol : %x \n”,ntohs(eth->h_proto));

  • thanks.its very useful……….

  • how do i extract the traffic features like time stamp, src ip, dst ip, src port, dst port, pkt size, pkt direction, TCP flags, transport protocol.

    thanks & regards

    • the src ip, dst ip, src port, dst port and tcp flags are all in the tcp header. they are also shown in the source code above.
      the packet type can be found from the protocol field of ip header. that is also shown above.

  • Hi,

    I really like your program, it’s exactly what i was looking for.

    Is there a way to get the usb bus from which the data i comming from? I am new to libpcap and I would really apreciate your help.

    Merci d’avance ;)

  • Hi All,

    I am trying to sniff the packets between machine A with IP 10.0.0.1 and Machine B with IP 10.0.0.2
    in Machine C with IP 10.0.0.3
    the machine C is port mirrored with Machine A
    So using the above code I am able to sniff the Packet going from A to B

    but NOT ABLE TO SNIFF from Machine B to A
    I ran tcpdump in Machine C at same time and it is able to capture all
    the packets from Machine B to A but why above sniffer code is able to
    catch Packets from Machine B to A……???
    Please help………..
    note : I am running above code in Machine C and interface eth1 is port mirrored with Machine A
    and in the code also I have modified to sniff on eth1

    info returned by pcap_open_live

    descr->fd = 3
    descr->selectable_fd = 3
    descr->snapshot = 8192
    descr->linktype = 1
    descr->tzoff = 0
    descr->activated = 1
    descr->oldstyle = 1
    descr->break_loop = 0
    descr->bufsize = 8256
    descr->buffer =
    descr->bp = (null)
    descr->cc = 254
    descr->direction = 0

    • but why above sniffer code is NOT able to
      catch Packets from Machine B to A……???

      • the sniffer will capture both incoming and outgoing traffic.

  • Hi All,
    I am trying to sniff the packets between machine A with IP 10.0.0.1 and Machine B with IP 10.0.0.2

    in Machine C with IP 10.0.0.3

    the machine C is port mirrored with Machine A

    So using the above code I am able to sniff the Packet going from A to B
    but NOT ABLE TO SNIFF from Machine B to A

    I ran tcpdump in Machine C at same time and it is able to capture all the packets from Machine B to A but why above sniffer code is able to catch Packets from Machine B to A……???

    Please help………..

  • Please help me I want to print SCTP packet please extend the code for same.

  • missing header files have been included and code updated.

  • Hi All,
    I need to sniff a network packet and change the destination address to the malicious website address for the DNS queries by the victim. This needs to be done using pcap library. could anyone please help me out with how can I get the IP packet structure using pcap ?

    Thanks !

  • help me to correct my mistake in printing ip address (it is printing in reverse like 1.1.168.192) i am working in Linux env

    • please check u r architecture .Means what the data u reading is bigendian or little endian .(network is big endian)
      I think u r receiving the data in big endian but u r not converting to u r host byte order.

  • The other thing.
    If you ask the user choose a device, why didn’t you type devname in the pcap_open_live function.

    Code:
    //Ask user which device to sniff
    printf(“Enter the number of the device you want to sniff : “);
    scanf(“%d” , &n);
    //devname = *(devs + count – 1);
    devname = *(devs + n);
    printf(“devname: %s\n”,devname);
    //Open the device for sniffing
    printf(“Opening device for sniffing … \n”);
    //handle = pcap_open_live(“eth0” , 65536 , 1 , 0 , errbuf);
    handle = pcap_open_live(devname , 65536 , 1 , 0 , errbuf);

    • code has been updated and now uses devname in pcap_open_live function

  • Thanks a lot. I’ve just started out with libpcap, so this serves as a good intro.

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