Code a packet sniffer in C with winpcap

Winpcap

Winpcap is a packet capture library for Windows used for packet sniffing and sending raw packets. Wireshark is a popular sniffer tool that uses winpcap to sniff packets.

Here is a sample code which shows how winpcap can be used to sniff incoming packets on a particular interface.

Code

/*
	Simple Sniffer with winpcap , prints ethernet , ip , tcp , udp and icmp headers along with data dump in hex
	Author : Silver Moon ( [email protected] )
*/

#include "stdio.h"
#include "winsock2.h"	//need winsock for inet_ntoa and ntohs methods

#define HAVE_REMOTE
#include "pcap.h"	//Winpcap :)

#pragma comment(lib , "ws2_32.lib") //For winsock
#pragma comment(lib , "wpcap.lib") //For winpcap

//some packet processing functions
void ProcessPacket (u_char* , int); //This will decide how to digest

void print_ethernet_header (u_char*);
void PrintIpHeader (u_char* , int);
void PrintIcmpPacket (u_char* , int);
void print_udp_packet (u_char* , int);
void PrintTcpPacket (u_char* , int);
void PrintData (u_char* , int);

// Set the packing to a 1 byte boundary
//#include "pshpack1.h"
//Ethernet Header
typedef struct ethernet_header
{
	UCHAR dest[6];
	UCHAR source[6];
	USHORT type;
}   ETHER_HDR , *PETHER_HDR , FAR * LPETHER_HDR , ETHERHeader;

//Ip header (v4)
typedef struct ip_hdr
{
	unsigned char ip_header_len:4; // 4-bit header length (in 32-bit words) normally=5 (Means 20 Bytes may be 24 also)
	unsigned char ip_version :4; // 4-bit IPv4 version
	unsigned char ip_tos; // IP type of service
	unsigned short ip_total_length; // Total length
	unsigned short ip_id; // Unique identifier

	unsigned char ip_frag_offset :5; // Fragment offset field

	unsigned char ip_more_fragment :1;
	unsigned char ip_dont_fragment :1;
	unsigned char ip_reserved_zero :1;

	unsigned char ip_frag_offset1; //fragment offset

	unsigned char ip_ttl; // Time to live
	unsigned char ip_protocol; // Protocol(TCP,UDP etc)
	unsigned short ip_checksum; // IP checksum
	unsigned int ip_srcaddr; // Source address
	unsigned int ip_destaddr; // Source address
} IPV4_HDR;

//UDP header
typedef struct udp_hdr
{
	unsigned short source_port; // Source port no.
	unsigned short dest_port; // Dest. port no.
	unsigned short udp_length; // Udp packet length
	unsigned short udp_checksum; // Udp checksum (optional)
} UDP_HDR;

// TCP header
typedef struct tcp_header
{
	unsigned short source_port; // source port
	unsigned short dest_port; // destination port
	unsigned int sequence; // sequence number - 32 bits
	unsigned int acknowledge; // acknowledgement number - 32 bits

	unsigned char ns :1; //Nonce Sum Flag Added in RFC 3540.
	unsigned char reserved_part1:3; //according to rfc
	unsigned char data_offset:4; /*The number of 32-bit words in the TCP header.
	This indicates where the data begins.
	The length of the TCP header is always a multiple
	of 32 bits.*/

	unsigned char fin :1; //Finish Flag
	unsigned char syn :1; //Synchronise Flag
	unsigned char rst :1; //Reset Flag
	unsigned char psh :1; //Push Flag
	unsigned char ack :1; //Acknowledgement Flag
	unsigned char urg :1; //Urgent Flag

	unsigned char ecn :1; //ECN-Echo Flag
	unsigned char cwr :1; //Congestion Window Reduced Flag

	////////////////////////////////

	unsigned short window; // window
	unsigned short checksum; // checksum
	unsigned short urgent_pointer; // urgent pointer
} TCP_HDR;

typedef struct icmp_hdr
{
	BYTE type; // ICMP Error type
	BYTE code; // Type sub code
	USHORT checksum;
	USHORT id;
	USHORT seq;
} ICMP_HDR;
// Restore the byte boundary back to the previous value
//#include <poppack.h>

FILE *logfile;
int tcp=0,udp=0,icmp=0,others=0,igmp=0,total=0,i,j;
struct sockaddr_in source,dest;
char hex[2];

//Its free!
ETHER_HDR *ethhdr;
IPV4_HDR *iphdr;
TCP_HDR *tcpheader;
UDP_HDR *udpheader;
ICMP_HDR *icmpheader;
u_char *data;

int main()
{
	u_int i, res , inum ;
	u_char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE] , buffer[100];
	u_char *pkt_data;
	time_t seconds;
	struct tm tbreak;
	pcap_if_t *alldevs, *d;
	pcap_t *fp;
	struct pcap_pkthdr *header;

	fopen_s(&logfile , "log.txt" , "w");
	
	if(logfile == NULL) 
	{
		printf("Unable to create file.");
	}

	/* The user didn't provide a packet source: Retrieve the local device list */
    if (pcap_findalldevs_ex(PCAP_SRC_IF_STRING, NULL, &alldevs, errbuf) == -1)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"Error in pcap_findalldevs_ex: %s\n", errbuf);
        return -1;
    }
    
	i = 0;
    /* Print the list */
    for(d=alldevs; d; d=d->next)
    {
        printf("%d. %s\n    ", ++i, d->name);

        if (d->description)
		{
            printf(" (%s)\n", d->description);
		}
        else
		{
            printf(" (No description available)\n");
		}
    }
        
    if (i==0)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"No interfaces found! Exiting.\n");
        return -1;
    }

	printf("Enter the interface number you would like to sniff : ");
	scanf_s("%d" , &inum);

	
	/* Jump to the selected adapter */
    for (d=alldevs, i=0; i< inum-1 ;d=d->next, i++);
        
    /* Open the device */
    if ( (fp= pcap_open(d->name,
                        100 /*snaplen*/,
                        PCAP_OPENFLAG_PROMISCUOUS /*flags*/,
                        20 /*read timeout*/,
                        NULL /* remote authentication */,
                        errbuf)
                        ) == NULL)
    {
        fprintf(stderr,"\nError opening adapter\n");
        return -1;
    }

	//read packets in a loop :)
    while((res = pcap_next_ex( fp, &header, &pkt_data)) >= 0)
    {
        if(res == 0)
		{
            // Timeout elapsed
            continue;
		}
		seconds = header->ts.tv_sec;
		localtime_s( &tbreak , &seconds);
		strftime (buffer , 80 , "%d-%b-%Y %I:%M:%S %p" , &tbreak );
        //print pkt timestamp and pkt len
        //fprintf(logfile , "\nNext Packet : %ld:%ld (Packet Length : %ld bytes) " , header->ts.tv_sec, header->ts.tv_usec, header->len);
		fprintf(logfile , "\nNext Packet : %s.%ld (Packet Length : %ld bytes) " , buffer , header->ts.tv_usec, header->len);
		ProcessPacket(pkt_data , header->caplen);
    }
	
	if(res == -1)
    {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error reading the packets: %s\n" , pcap_geterr(fp) );
        return -1;
    }
	
	return 0;
}

void ProcessPacket(u_char* Buffer, int Size)
{
	//Ethernet header
	ethhdr = (ETHER_HDR *)Buffer;
	++total;
	
	//Ip packets
	if(ntohs(ethhdr->type) == 0x0800)
	{
		//ip header
		iphdr = (IPV4_HDR *)(Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR));
		
		switch (iphdr->ip_protocol) //Check the Protocol and do accordingly...
		{
			case 1: //ICMP Protocol
			icmp++;
			PrintIcmpPacket(Buffer,Size);
			break;

			case 2: //IGMP Protocol
			igmp++;
			break;

			case 6: //TCP Protocol
			tcp++;
			PrintTcpPacket(Buffer,Size);
			break;

			case 17: //UDP Protocol
			udp++;
			print_udp_packet(Buffer,Size);
			break;

			default: //Some Other Protocol like ARP etc.
			others++;
			break;
		}
	}
	
	printf("TCP : %d UDP : %d ICMP : %d IGMP : %d Others : %d Total : %d\r" , tcp , udp , icmp , igmp , others , total);
}

/*
	Print the Ethernet header
*/
void print_ethernet_header (u_char* buffer )
{
	ETHER_HDR *eth = (ETHER_HDR *)buffer;
	
	fprintf(logfile,"\n");
	fprintf(logfile,"Ethernet Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile , " |-Destination Address : %.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X \n", eth->dest[0] , eth->dest[1] , eth->dest[2] , eth->dest[3] , eth->dest[4] , eth->dest[5] );
    fprintf(logfile , " |-Source Address      : %.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X-%.2X \n", eth->source[0] , eth->source[1] , eth->source[2] , eth->source[3] , eth->source[4] , eth->source[5] );
    fprintf(logfile , " |-Protocol            : 0x%.4x \n" , ntohs(eth->type) );
}

/*
	Print the IP header for IP packets
*/
void PrintIpHeader (unsigned char* Buffer, int Size)
{
	int iphdrlen = 0;

	iphdr = (IPV4_HDR *)(Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR));
	iphdrlen = iphdr->ip_header_len*4;

	memset(&source, 0, sizeof(source));
	source.sin_addr.s_addr = iphdr->ip_srcaddr;

	memset(&dest, 0, sizeof(dest));
	dest.sin_addr.s_addr = iphdr->ip_destaddr;

	print_ethernet_header(Buffer);

	fprintf(logfile,"\n");
	fprintf(logfile,"IP Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile," |-IP Version : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_version);
	fprintf(logfile," |-IP Header Length : %d DWORDS or %d Bytes\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_header_len,((unsigned int)(iphdr->ip_header_len))*4);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Type Of Service : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_tos);
	fprintf(logfile," |-IP Total Length : %d Bytes(Size of Packet)\n",ntohs(iphdr->ip_total_length));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Identification : %d\n",ntohs(iphdr->ip_id));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Reserved ZERO Field : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_reserved_zero);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Dont Fragment Field : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_dont_fragment);
	fprintf(logfile," |-More Fragment Field : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_more_fragment);
	fprintf(logfile," |-TTL : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_ttl);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Protocol : %d\n",(unsigned int)iphdr->ip_protocol);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Checksum : %d\n",ntohs(iphdr->ip_checksum));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Source IP : %s\n",inet_ntoa(source.sin_addr));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Destination IP : %s\n",inet_ntoa(dest.sin_addr));
}

/*
	Print the TCP header for TCP packets
*/
void PrintTcpPacket(u_char* Buffer, int Size)
{
	unsigned short iphdrlen;
	int header_size = 0 , tcphdrlen , data_size;

	iphdr = (IPV4_HDR *)(Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR));
	iphdrlen = iphdr->ip_header_len*4;

	tcpheader = (TCP_HDR*)( Buffer + iphdrlen + sizeof(ETHER_HDR) );
	tcphdrlen = tcpheader->data_offset*4;
	
	data = ( Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR) + iphdrlen + tcphdrlen );
	data_size = (Size - sizeof(ETHER_HDR) - iphdrlen - tcphdrlen );

	fprintf(logfile,"\n\n***********************TCP Packet*************************\n");

	PrintIpHeader(Buffer,Size);

	fprintf(logfile,"\n");
	fprintf(logfile,"TCP Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile," |-Source Port : %u\n",ntohs(tcpheader->source_port));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Destination Port : %u\n",ntohs(tcpheader->dest_port));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Sequence Number : %u\n",ntohl(tcpheader->sequence));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Acknowledge Number : %u\n",ntohl(tcpheader->acknowledge));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Header Length : %d DWORDS or %d BYTES\n" , (unsigned int)tcpheader->data_offset,(unsigned int)tcpheader->data_offset*4);
	fprintf(logfile," |-CWR Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcpheader->cwr);
	fprintf(logfile," |-ECN Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcpheader->ecn);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Urgent Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcpheader->urg);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Acknowledgement Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcpheader->ack);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Push Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcpheader->psh);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Reset Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcpheader->rst);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Synchronise Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcpheader->syn);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Finish Flag : %d\n",(unsigned int)tcpheader->fin);
	fprintf(logfile," |-Window : %d\n",ntohs(tcpheader->window));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Checksum : %d\n",ntohs(tcpheader->checksum));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Urgent Pointer : %d\n",tcpheader->urgent_pointer);
	fprintf(logfile,"\n");
	fprintf(logfile," DATA Dump ");
	fprintf(logfile,"\n");

	fprintf(logfile,"IP Header\n");
	PrintData( (u_char*)iphdr , iphdrlen);

	fprintf(logfile,"TCP Header\n");
	PrintData( (u_char*)tcpheader , tcphdrlen );

	fprintf(logfile,"Data Payload\n");
	PrintData( data , data_size );

	fprintf(logfile,"\n###########################################################\n");
}

/*
	Print the UDP header for UDP packets
*/
void print_udp_packet(u_char *Buffer,int Size)
{
	int iphdrlen = 0 , data_size = 0;

	iphdr = (IPV4_HDR *)(Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR));
	iphdrlen = iphdr->ip_header_len*4;

	udpheader = (UDP_HDR*)( Buffer + iphdrlen + sizeof(ETHER_HDR) );
		
	data = ( Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR) + iphdrlen + sizeof(UDP_HDR) );
	data_size = (Size - sizeof(ETHER_HDR) - iphdrlen - sizeof(UDP_HDR) );

	fprintf(logfile,"\n\n***********************UDP Packet*************************\n");

	PrintIpHeader(Buffer,Size);

	fprintf(logfile,"\nUDP Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile," |-Source Port : %d\n",ntohs(udpheader->source_port));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Destination Port : %d\n",ntohs(udpheader->dest_port));
	fprintf(logfile," |-UDP Length : %d\n",ntohs(udpheader->udp_length));
	fprintf(logfile," |-UDP Checksum : %d\n",ntohs(udpheader->udp_checksum));

	fprintf(logfile,"\n");
	
	fprintf(logfile,"IP Header\n");
	PrintData( (u_char*)iphdr , iphdrlen);

	fprintf(logfile,"UDP Header\n");
	PrintData((u_char*)udpheader , sizeof(UDP_HDR));

	fprintf(logfile,"Data Payload\n");
	PrintData(data ,data_size);

	fprintf(logfile,"\n###########################################################\n");
}

void PrintIcmpPacket(u_char* Buffer , int Size)
{
	int iphdrlen = 0 , icmphdrlen = 0 , data_size=0;

	iphdr = (IPV4_HDR *)(Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR));
	iphdrlen = iphdr->ip_header_len*4;

	icmpheader = (ICMP_HDR*)( Buffer + iphdrlen + sizeof(ETHER_HDR) );
	
	data = ( Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR) + iphdrlen + sizeof(ICMP_HDR) );
	data_size = (Size - sizeof(ETHER_HDR) - iphdrlen - sizeof(ICMP_HDR) );

	fprintf(logfile,"\n\n***********************ICMP Packet*************************\n");
	PrintIpHeader(Buffer,Size);

	fprintf(logfile,"\n");

	fprintf(logfile,"ICMP Header\n");
	fprintf(logfile," |-Type : %d",(unsigned int)(icmpheader->type));

	if((unsigned int)(icmpheader->type)==11) 
	{
		fprintf(logfile," (TTL Expired)\n");
	}
	else if((unsigned int)(icmpheader->type)==0) 
	{
		fprintf(logfile," (ICMP Echo Reply)\n");
	}

	fprintf(logfile," |-Code : %d\n",(unsigned int)(icmpheader->code));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Checksum : %d\n",ntohs(icmpheader->checksum));
	fprintf(logfile," |-ID : %d\n",ntohs(icmpheader->id));
	fprintf(logfile," |-Sequence : %d\n",ntohs(icmpheader->seq));
	fprintf(logfile,"\n");

	fprintf(logfile , "IP Header\n");
	PrintData( (u_char*)iphdr , iphdrlen);

	fprintf(logfile , "ICMP Header\n");
	PrintData( (u_char*)icmpheader , sizeof(ICMP_HDR) );

	fprintf(logfile , "Data Payload\n");
	PrintData(data , data_size);

	fprintf(logfile,"\n###########################################################\n");
}

/*
	Print the hex values of the data
*/
void PrintData (u_char* data , int Size)
{
	unsigned char a , line[17] , c;
	int j;
	
	//loop over each character and print
	for(i=0 ; i < Size ; i++)
	{
		c = data[i];
		
		//Print the hex value for every character , with a space
		fprintf(logfile," %.2x", (unsigned int) c);
		
		//Add the character to data line
		a = ( c >=32 && c <=128) ? (unsigned char) c : '.';
		
		line[i%16] = a;
		
		//if last character of a line , then print the line - 16 characters in 1 line
		if( (i!=0 && (i+1)%16==0) || i == Size - 1)
		{
			line[i%16 + 1] = '\0';
			
			//print a big gap of 10 characters between hex and characters
			fprintf(logfile ,"          ");
			
			//Print additional spaces for last lines which might be less than 16 characters in length
			for( j = strlen(line) ; j < 16; j++)
			{
				fprintf(logfile , "   ");
			}
			
			fprintf(logfile , "%s \n" , line);
		}
	}
	
	fprintf(logfile , "\n");
}







Compile
The code can be compiled in Vc++ 2010 Express Edition
Winpcap development files are needed for pcap.h/pcap.lib and other files.

Create a project in VC++ and add a main.c file and put the source code inside it. Then in Project > Properties (Alt + F7) add the directory path of winpcap header and lib files.

Now Build and Run.

Output

The command prompt will first show the available interfaces detected by winpcap. User has to enter the number of the interface that is to be sniffed. After seleting the interface sniffing starts. The number of packets sniffed protocolwise.

TCP , UDP , ICMP , IGMP are shown separately , rest protocols are grouped into 'Others'

1. rpcap://\Device\NPF_{EA7C1F00-CD10-4288-8B0D-EBD63C22F468}
     (Network adapter 'Intel(R) 82566DC Gigabit Network Connection (Microsoft's
Packet Scheduler) ' on local host)
Enter the interface number you would like to sniff : 1
TCP : 327 UDP : 35 ICMP : 74 IGMP : 3 Others : 0 Total : 462

The log file will have more information. Headers would be broken down into individual fields and data would be shown in hex format.

Next Packet : 18-Dec-2011 04:35:17 PM.7759 (Packet Length : 432 bytes) 

***********************TCP Packet*************************

Ethernet Header
 |-Destination Address : 00-1E-58-B8-D4-69 
 |-Source Address      : 00-1C-C0-F8-79-EE 
 |-Protocol            : 0x0800 

IP Header
 |-IP Version : 4
 |-IP Header Length : 5 DWORDS or 20 Bytes
 |-Type Of Service : 0
 |-IP Total Length : 418 Bytes(Size of Packet)
 |-Identification : 11810
 |-Reserved ZERO Field : 0
 |-Dont Fragment Field : 1
 |-More Fragment Field : 0
 |-TTL : 128
 |-Protocol : 6
 |-Checksum : 1370
 |-Source IP : 192.168.0.101
 |-Destination IP : 96.17.164.187

TCP Header
 |-Source Port : 1211
 |-Destination Port : 80
 |-Sequence Number : 658049438
 |-Acknowledge Number : 3756530811
 |-Header Length : 5 DWORDS or 20 BYTES
 |-CWR Flag : 0
 |-ECN Flag : 0
 |-Urgent Flag : 0
 |-Acknowledgement Flag : 1
 |-Push Flag : 1
 |-Reset Flag : 0
 |-Synchronise Flag : 0
 |-Finish Flag : 0
 |-Window : 17520
 |-Checksum : 51054
 |-Urgent Pointer : 0

 DATA Dump 
IP Header
 45 00 01 a2 2e 22 40 00 80 06 05 5a c0 a8 00 65          E...."@.€..Z...e 
 60 11 a4 bb                                              `... 

TCP Header
 04 bb 00 50 27 39 09 9e df e8 1c 7b 50 18 44 70          ...P'9.....{P.Dp 
 c7 6e 00 00                                              .n.. 

Data Payload
 47 45 54 20 2f 31 2f 3f 42 57 31 33 6a 67 25 32          GET /1/?BW13jg%2 
 42 56 52 48 35 6c 52 6c 55 25 32 42 37 71 63 4a          BVRH5lRlU%2B7qcJ 
 30 44 78 6d 53 62 45 44 32 46 4d 43 76 59 74 43          0DxmSbED2FMCvYtC 
 6b 58 6c 48 25 32 46 59 38 4a 41 41 41 41 41 41          kXlH%2FY8JAAAAAA 
 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41          AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA 
 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41          AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA 
 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41          AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA 
 41 41 41 47 4e 74 5a 43 35 6c 65 47 55 41 56 32          AAAGNtZC5leGUAV2 
 6c 75 5a 47 39 33 63 79 42 44 62 32 31 74 59 57          luZG93cyBDb21tYW 
 35 6b 49 46 42 79 62 32 4e 6c 63 33 4e 76 63 67          5kIFByb2Nlc3Nvcg 
 41 31 4c 6a 45 75 4d 6a 59 77 4d 43 34 31 4e 54          A1LjEuMjYwMC41NT 
 45 79 41 45 31 70 59 33 4a 76 63 32 39 6d 64 43          EyAE1pY3Jvc29mdC 
 42 44 62 33 4a 77 62 33 4a 68 64 47 6c 76 62 67          BDb3Jwb3JhdGlvbg 
 41 41 41 41 25 33 44 25 33 44 20 48 54 54 50 2f          AAAA%3D%3D HTTP/ 
 31 2e 31 0d 0a 48 6f 73 74 3a 20 70 61 32 2e 7a          1.1..Host: pa2.z 
 6f 6e 65 6c 61 62 73 2e 63 6f 6d 0d 0a 41 63 63          onelabs.com..Acc 
 65 70 74 2d 45 6e 63 6f 64 69 6e 67 3a 20 67 7a          ept-Encoding: gz 
 69 70 0d 0a 41 63 63 65 70 74 3a 20 2a 2f 2a 0d          ip..Accept: */*. 
 0a 43 6f 6e 74 65 6e 74 2d 54 79 70 65 3a 20 74          .Content-Type: t 
 65 78 74 2f 70 6c 61 69 6e 0d 0a 55 73 65 72 2d          ext/plain..User- 
 41 67 65 6e 74 3a 20 5a 6f 6e 65 41 6c 61 72 6d          Agent: ZoneAlarm 
 2f 39 2e 31 2e 30 30 38 2e 30 30 30 20 28 6f 65          /9.1.008.000 (oe 
 6d 2d 31 30 34 33 3b 20 65 6e 2d 55 53 29 20 5a          m-1043; en-US) Z 
 53 50 2f 32 2e 32 0d 0a 0d 0a                            SP/2.2.... 


###########################################################

The data payload indicates the actual data that was being transmitted. When not encrypted , the data is in plain text and can be read as meaningful content. When using SSL , the same data is encrypted.

Last Updated On : 29th November 2012

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14 Comments + Add Comment

  • Hey! So i’ve tried this could and was able to run it in the visual studio. The cmd popped out then the “enter the number of interface you want to sniff” came out. I pressed 1 as in the example. It is to be expected that the header will appear below however, it hasn’t appeard after almost 20 mins and still calculating the tcp, udp etc. Is it normal? or something is already wrong? hope for your immediate response. thanks!

  • Hello,

    I did some changes to eleminate errors I got:

    line 127: u_char -> char
    line 128: u_char *pkt_data -> const u_char *pkt_data

    This is also the way how it is shown in the winpcap-tutorial and the errors are gone.

    But I can’t eleminate an error in line 205 in the ProcessPacket-Function:

    error: cannot convert ‘const u_char *’ in ‘u_char *’

    If I change ‘u_char* Buffer’ in line 217 to ‘const u_char* Buffer’, the error isn’t gone and I get a lot more errors.

    What can I do ???

    Thanks in advance and excuse my english. I’m not in training :-)

  • You’re allocating memory from heap (in functions) and you’re nt freeing it, that’s hy memory consumption is increasing as long as the app is running. for example everytime PrintIcmpPacket function is called, you’re allocationg new memory block for the ipdr variable without freeng the one you’ve allocated in the previous call to the function. (iphdr = (IPV4_HDR *)(Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR));) I suggest to you to free the allocated memory at the end of each function in which you used pointers.

    • There is no memory allocation going on. iphdr is declared as a pointer and with the line: (iphdr = (IPV4_HDR *)(Buffer + sizeof(ETHER_HDR)); the pointer simply points to the ip hdr part of the packet. In c you allocate memory with malloc/calloc and those need to be freed, but that is not the case in this sourcecode.

  • Your code consumps too much memory and it keeps increasing

  • Re: This sample only shows how to sniff ethernet packets. How to sniff wireless packets using WinPCap. Had anyone tried it?

  • I’ve got linker errors (unresolved externals) however I have specified wpcap.lib directory in linker options.

    • try to set ShowProgress option to true in linker properties in order to see whether the linker searches for wpcap.lib file or not. If not, then maybe the linker is confused about the file’s directory i.e there may be 2 folders that contain the lib file. In this case all you need to do is to delete one of them. Unresolved external symbols problem is related to functions that are declared but not defined.

  • I have errors :(

    cannot convert u_char to char etc ..

    • same here :/ have you solved this problem?

      • A simple cast can solve this.
        Regards.

  • Can you tell how to stop the execution after a certain timeout? & thanx in advance

  • Thanks, it helped me :)

  • Its is a very nice example, thank you very much…

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